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Socks Toxicity And Drugs In RA (formerly Ivil site)

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Over 100 different kinds of "arthritis" comprise just a portion of the rheumatic diseases. The word arthritis literally means inflammation of the joint:  i.e., swelling, redness,heat,and pain caused by tissue injury or disease in the joint.
Arthritis can be classified as either inflammatory or non-inflammatory. 
Inflammatory arthritis features inflammatory white blood cells in the joint fluid. Forms of inflammatory arthritis include rheumatoid arthritis,lupus arthritis,gout,and many others.
Forms of non-inflammatory arthritis include osteoarthritis,arthritis of thyroid disease,arthritis after injury and many others.
Musculoskeletal conditions affect over 40 million people in the U.S. The 3 most common are osteoarthritis,rheumatoid arthritis,and fibromyalgia. Osteoarthritis is the most common form of all (arthritis)musculoskeletal conditions affecting more than 20 million people in the U.S.
Rheumatoid arthritis and fibromyalgia are not as common,but have a significant impact on a patient's quality of life and physical functioning. The exact etiologies of these conditions are not fully understood,but research on these topics is providing important information about the pathophysiology of these diseases.
Some rheumatic diseases are described as connective tissue diseases because they affect the body's connective tissue-the supporting framework of the body and its internal organs.
Others are known as autoimmune diseases because they are caused by a problem in which the immune system harms the body's own healthy tissue,like in RA.
At this time,the only type of arthritis that can be cured is that caused by infections. Infectious Arthritis is a general term used to describe forms of arthritis that are caused by infectious agents such as bacteria or viruses.
Parovirus arthritis,gonococcal arthritis,and Lyme disease (caused by ticks) are examples of infectious arthritis. In those cases caused by bacteria,early diagnosis and treatment with antibiotics relieve the arthritis symptoms and cure the disease. Although symptoms of other types of arthritis can be effectively managed with rest,exercise,and medications. Currently there are no cures.
Spondylarthropies are a group of autoimmune disorders of the joint, including ankylosing spondylitis,undifferentiated spondylarthropies, reactive arthritis and psoriatic arthritis. Nonsteriodal anti-inflammatory drugs  (NSAIDs) are the main course of treatment in most spondylarthropies, although the effect of the drugs is only to control pain and stiffness. They are in the seronegative class of arthritis.

RA is one of the most delibitating autoimmune disease in the over 100 different types of rheumatic diseases in the arthritis family-group of musculoskeletal diseases. Rheumatoid arthritis is one of the most misrepresented and misquoted rheumatic disease.

There are mild,moderate,severe and RA that charachterizes stiffness as the main feature. Each type affects patients in different forms and effects.

That also applies to therapy. One medication will be efficacious for one and do nothing for another patient.

Educate yourself ! Get control of your disease ! Avoid "hear- say" advice. Distinguish truth from fiction. Avoid advice about Aunt Martha's arthritis and how Cousin Jane coped with her condition.

RA affects 1% of the population in the U.S.A.,this low prevelance means that many physicians and health care workers are unfamiliar with the difference in effects and types of rheumatoid arthritis that exists.

RA is a systemic disease meaning that if your left side of the body e.g., hand/knee is affected then it is more then likely that your right hand/knee will be also affected.

Disease symptoms can occur suddenly or develop gradually. Full symptoms may not occur at onset. Remission is rare but when it occurs it is usually,more associated with the milder form of disease.

There are periods when the disease is less active and episodes of "flare ups" where disease activity is more pronounced.

There are many articles written about rheumatoid arthritis but be aware of the accuracy of information provided. Search engines rely on "keywords". Many keywords have mutiple meanings.  There are over 100  different types of rheumatic diseases or "Arthritis".

Advice is cheap and abundant but the wrong advice can be costly. Do not always believe what you hear!

There are many family physicians experienced in the management and treatment of rheumatoid arthritis but there are also many who are not and this relates more to medications with some side effects.

There are nurses with advanced training in the management of rheumatic diseases but there are many who have had little or no experience and training with the different types of rheumatic diseases.

There are pain syndromes like fibromyalgia (FM)-chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS).

Most people do not associate gout with arthritis or realize tuberculosis is associated with infectious arthritis.

Lupus has many different types and some forms of the disease can be life-threatening while some types can last for a short period and quickly go into remission, with no lasting effect,some people don't even have to take medications.

Others think the only arthritis is degenerative osteoarthritis. "Live long enough and most people will have some form of arthritis."

  • Rheumatoid arthritis is a disease of the synovial membrane.
  • Osteoarthritis is a disease of the cartilage.
  • Lupus is termed as a connective tissue disease.
  • Lyme disease is caused by infection from a tick bite.
  • Disease modifying drugs (DMARDs)are designed to stop progression of the constant erosive damage caused by rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) help to ease the symptoms of the disease but do not stop the on-going damage to bone and tissue.

  • Corticosteriods are a type of steriodal drug that is used in RA therapy to serve as a "bridge" before the effects of the DMARDs come into play.

  • Steriods have serious side effects such as osteoporosis for long term use. The physician will use the lowest dose possible and yet maintain effectiveness.

  • Not all drugs will work equally all for all patients therefore the physician and patient must be aware when a drug is not working and another drug or doseage must be altered/changed. Each drug has an estimated time-period for efficacy. Undesired side effects may result of medications used in therapy.

  • The typical case of rheumatoid arthritis begins insidiously, with the slow development of signs and symptoms over weeks to months.

  • Often the patient first notices stiffness in one or more joints, usually accompanied by pain on movement and by tenderness in the joint.

  • The number of joints involved is highly variable, but almost always the process is eventually polyarticular, involving five or more joints

  • Rheumatoid arthritis is an additive polyarthritis, with the sequential addition of involved joints, in contrast to the migratory or evanescent arthritis of systemic lupus erythematosus or the episodic arthritis of gout.

  • Occasionally, patients experience an explosive polyarticular onset occurring over 24 to 48 hours.

  • The joints involved most often are the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) and metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joints of the hands, the wrists (particularly at the ulnar-styloid articulation), shoulders, elbows, knees, ankles, and metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joints.

  • The distal interphalangeal (DIP) joints are generally spared. The spine except the atlanto-axial articulation in late disease is never affected.

  • Morning stiffness, persisting more than one hour but often lasting several hours, may be a feature of any inflammatory arthritis but is especially characteristic of rheumatoid arthritis. Its duration is a useful gauge of the inflammatory activity of the disease.

  • Similar stiffness can occur after long periods of sitting or inactivity (gel phenomenon). In contrast, patients with degenerative arthritis complain of stiffness lasting but a few minutes.

  • Nonspecific systemic symptoms primarily fatigue, malaise, and depression, may commonly precede other symptoms of the disease by weeks to months.

  • Patients complain of severe fatigue 4 to 6 hours after wakening. Fever occasionally occurs and is almost always low grade (37 to 38C; 99 to 100F). A higher fever suggests another illness, and infectious causes must be considered.

  • It is typical of patients with rheumatoid arthritis that their symptoms wax and wane often making diagnosis and treatment decisions difficult.

  •  A typical presentations include intermittent joint inflammation that can be confused with gout or pseudogout, proximal muscle pain and tenderness mimicking polymyalgia rheumatica or diffuse musculoskeletal pain seen in fibromyalgia.

  • Symmetric joint swelling, although not invariable, is characteristic of rheumatoid arthritis.

  • Careful palpation of the joints can help to distinguish the swelling of joint inflammation from the bony enlargement seen in osteoarthritis.

  • Fusiform swelling of the PIP joints of the hands is a common early finding. MCP, wrists, elbows, knees, ankles and MTP are other joints commonly affected where swelling is easily detected.

  • In contrast to gout or septic arthritis, redness of affected joints is not a prominent feature of rheumatoid arthritis.

  • Pain on passive motion is the most sensitive test for joint inflammation. Occasionally inflamed joints will feel warm to the touch. Inflammation, structural deformity, or both may limit the range of motion of the joint.

  • To institute proper therapy, it is important to determine which of these processes is the major factor limiting joint function.

  • Permanent deformity is an unwanted result of the inflammatory process. Persistent tenosynovitis and synovitis leads to the formation of synovial cysts and to displaced or ruptured tendons. Extensor tendon rupture at the dorsum of the hand is a common and disabling problem.

  • Although the joints are almost always the principal focus of the rheumatoid arthritis, other organ systems may also be involved.

  • Extra-articular manifestations of rheumatoid arthritis occur most often in seropositive patients with more severe joint disease. Interestingly, extra-articular manifestations can occur in later stages of the disease when there is little active synovitis ("burnt-out" disease). In contrast to the predilection of rheumatoid arthritis for women, extra-articular manifestations of the disease are more common in men.

  • Rheumatoid Nodules: The subcutaneous nodule is the most characteristic extra-articular lesion of the disease. Nodules occur in 20 to 30% of cases, almost exclusively in seropositive patients. They are located most commonly on the extensor surfaces of the arms and elbows but are also prone to develop at pressure points on the feet and knees. Rarely, nodules may arise in visceral organs, such as the lungs, the heart, or the sclera of the eye.

  • Cardiopulmonary Disease: There are several pulmonary manifestations of rheumatoid arthritis, including pleurisy with or without effusion, intrapulmonary nodules, rheumatoid pneumoconiosis (Caplan's syndrome), diffuse interstitial fibrosis, and rarely, bronchiolitis obliterans pneumothorax. On pulmonary function testing, there commonly is a restrictive ventilatory defect with reduced lung volumes and a decreased diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide. Although mostly asymptomatic, of greatest concern is distinguishing these manifestations from infection and tumor.

  • Pericarditis is the most common cardiac manifestation.

    Ocular Disease:

  • Keratoconjunctivitis of Sjogren's syndrome is the most common ocular manifestation of rheumatoid arthritis. Sicca (dry eyes) is a common complaint. Episcleritis occurs occasionally and is manifested by mild pain and intense redness of the affected eye. Scleritis and corneal ulcerations are rare but more serious problems.

  • Neurologic Disease; The most common neurologic manifestation of rheumatoid arthritis is a mild, primarily sensory peripheral neuropathy, usually more marked in the lower extremities.

  • Entrapment neuropathies (e.g., carpal tunnel syndrome and tarsal tunnel syndrome) sometimes occur in patients with rheumatoid arthritis because of compression of a peripheral nerve by inflamed edematous tissue. Cervical myelopathy secondary to atlantoaxial subluxation is an uncommon but particularly worrisome complication potentially causing permanent, even fatal neurologic damage.

    Felty's Syndrome:

  • Felty's syndrome is nowadays a rare complication of rheumatoid arthritis and is characterized by splenomegaly, and leukopenia — predominantly granulocytopenia. Recurrent bacterial infections and chronic refractory leg ulcers are the major complications.

    Rheumatoid Vasculitis;

  • The most common clinical manifestations of vasculitis are small digital infarcts along the nailbeds. The abrupt onset of an ischemic mononeuropathy (mononeuritis multiplex) or progressive scleritis is typical of rheumatoid vasculitis. The syndrome ordinarily emerges after years of seropositive, persistently active rheumatoid arthritis; however, vasculitis may occur when joints are inactive.

    Sjogren's Syndrome:

  • Approximately 10 to 15% of patients with rheumatoid arthritis, mostly women develop Sjogren's syndrome, a chronic inflammatory disorder characterized by lymphocytic infiltration of lacrimal and salivary glands. This leads to impaired secretion of saliva and tears and results in the sicca complex: dry mouth (xerostomia) and dry eyes (keratoconjunctivitis sicca).

    Patients with Sjogren's syndrome have a variable expression of disease in other exocrine glands. This is manifested clinically as dry skin, decreased perspiration, dry vaginal membranes, or a nonproductive cough. Commonly, there is also a polyclonal lymphoproliferative reaction characterized by lymphadenopathy and splenomegaly. This can mimic and rarely transform into a malignant lymphoma.

    Clinical Course:

  • The course of rheumatoid arthritis cannot be predicted in a given patient. Several patterns of activity have been described:

  • I)a spontaneous remission particularly in the seronegative patient within the first 6 months of symptoms (less than 10%) recurrent explosive attacks followed by periods of quiescence most commonly in the early phases.

  • II)the usual pattern of persistent and progressive disease activity that waxes and wanes in intensity.

  • Disability is higher among patients with rheumatoid arthritis with 60% being unable to work 10 years after the onset of their disease. Recent studies have demonstrated an increased mortality in rheumatoid patients.

  •  Median life expectancy was shortened an average of 7 years for men and 3 years for women compared to control populations.

  • In more than 5000 patients with rheumatoid arthritis from four centers, the mortality rate was two times greater than in the control population.

  • Patients at higher risk for shortened survival are those with systemic extra-articular involvement, low functional capacity, low socioeconomic status, low education, and prednisone use.

  • The progress in Research and Development in drugs and knowledge of the disease is progressing at a speed unforseen in the past.

  • Biotechnology has created medications that has helped rheumatoid arthritis patients who previously could not be helped. Cost factor and provincial health plans are the chief drawbacks from having these new medications available to all patients in need.

    Major Warning Signs:

    • Inflammation of the synovial membrane.
    • Fatigue and lack of energy.
    • Pain all over the body/joints.
    • Stiffness upon awakening that may last for a few hours or more.
    • Symptoms may go away for a while then they come back.
    • unexplainable weight loss.
    • Do not accept arthritis as a diagnosis for rheumatoid arthritis
    • Pain is the result of a uncontrolled condition.
    • Scientist currently do not know what causes rheumatoid arthritis nor do they have a cure.

    Factors related to RA:

    1. RA affects women more than men.The disease affects all age groups
    2. People in the age range of 30- 50 years old is affected most.
    3. The immune system instead of protecting,goes awry and harms tissue/bone.
    4. The diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis involves much more than blood tests. While laboratory tests are important,communication,between doctor and patient is more important.
    5. "You look normal so you can't be ill" is a common comment made by the misinformed.

The "Big Picture" has to be analyzed and this involves patient input.

Once the disease is under control,pain will be minimal.

Some researchers have suggested a virus triggers the disease but there is no scientific evidence to suggest the validity of this view. It is currently thought that genetrics may be a contributing factor in the presence of RA in a patient.  

One important factor overlooked in medication,and efficacy is that there is pain caused by mechanical and inflammatory forces involved. As we grow older there is a lot of mechanical pain caused by on-going degenerative forces ( degenerative osteoarthritis -secondary OA.) Our current conventional and biologic medications aren't going to eliminate that part of the complex pain equation.
Many RA patients have this so called "secondary OA" or mechanical problem. We as patients will in all probability will not be able to escape that part of pain. In other words,is pain caused by mechanical,or inflammatory forces. If it a mechanical problem we have to attack the problem in different other ways; exercise,heat,cold,anagesics etc. 

Don't waste your time,future health or money on "cures" see a rheumatologist to treat your disease. 

  • Build Date: 7/10/02.

*All my sites.--I have written many articles over the years.*Disregard any reference to "Vioxx" which was taken off the market by the FDA a few years ago. The NSAID had proven to have negative adverse heart problems to many patients--rise in blood pressure.
Gold therapy is outdated.

Re clicking links:Socks Rheumatoid Arthritis Page 1 and Socks Toxicity And Drugs In RA were the first sites built at another web site (I vil) and later transferred to Tripod. If a link does not connect (-i.e.ivil-address) go to the main site----Socks Rheumatoid Arthritis Links. I cannot access the old links because I forgot the old password.
After 8/1/09 - I cannot edit the site.without paying -  I recieve no renumeration. This site is intended for RA patients, FREE !
See you at my other sites.

Fred Sock RA

Socks RA Index

My I Village sites have been transferred to Tripod.Socks Rheumatoid Arthritis Page I and Socks Toxicity And Drugs In RA current. I can not edit the two sites,therefore some links may not work properly i.e., those with I Village address's. The links are workable that have Tripod address's. My purpose in building this and other RA sites is to inform patients about the true nature of RA. My personal experience reflects in the many articles published. Research and study about RA is a paramount criteria in the management and treatment of RA. The patient must be a co-manager of this often misunderstood disease. We as patients know if the drugs are effective,or not,in controlling this disease. How we feel and manage our every-day activities are the paramount criteria to determine our success. Aunt Martha's RA form,effects and medication are more likely different from cousin Ella or Uncle Tom's RA.*All my sites.--I have written many articles over the years.*Disregard any reference to "Vioxx" which was taken off the market by the FDA a few years ago. The NSAID had proven to have negative adverse heart problems to many patients--rise in blood pressure. We're all self-managers, and there are two ways of looking at that. If you choose to be a self-manager and you make a deliberate choice and create a mindset that you will take control of the management of your disease, you will likely turn into being a good manager. Most individuals use one to three coping skills, and sometimes denial is that coping skill, but if you deny that you have disease, that is a rather poor thing because you are still a self-manager, you're just a poor self-manager, and you're not making interventions that can help you and your health over time. Overcoming the grief and the feelings of loss, and accept that "Yes, I have this probably incurable disease," but quickly coming around to the idea that, "Well, I'm going to do whatever it takes so I can live as full life as I can and that this is more of an inconvenience to me rather than a life-changing illness." ----Acceptance. Don't endanger your health or waste your time and money on "cures". See a rheumatologist and have him or her treat your disease There are over 100 different types or disease in the rheumatic disease family group often referred to as simply-"ARTHRITIS". My Netscape and AOL sites have been "retired". Last update-11/20/09.
Gold ttherapy is outdated currently. All my RA Geocities sites will be unavailable.